English Vocabulary

Disease Names in English with Their Images

Disease Names in English with Their Images
Written by mrmrsenglish.com

If you become ill while traveling to an English-speaking country or wish to talk to someone about your disease, having a working knowledge of the English List of Disease Names will be very beneficial. With increasing success, we have been able to determine the origins, symptoms, and treatments for a wide range of ailments over the years thanks to advancements in science and technology. Furthermore, there is less mortality and a notably longer average longevity to support this. However, what precisely is a disease?  Disease Names in English with Their Images

What is Disease?

“A disease is a state in which the cells, tissues, and organs are unable to function normally”
A common misconception about diseases is that they are medical disorders with distinct indications and symptoms.

List of Diseases Names in English:

  • Runny nose
  • Broken bone
  • Bruise
  • Sunburn
  • Cancer
  • Diabetes
  • Flu
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Depression
  • Malaria
  • Chills
  • Backache
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Flu
  • Stomachache
  • Fever
  • Snakebite

What are the names of common diseases?

  • Runny Nose:
    Excessive nasal discharge due to irritation or infection.
    Disease Names |Runny Nose in English
  • Broken Bone:
    Fracture in a bone due to injury or trauma.
    Disease Names |Broken Bone in English
  • Bruise:
    Discoloration of the skin due to damaged blood vessels.
    Disease Names |Bruise in English
  • Sunburn:
    Skin damage is caused by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun.
    Disease Names |Sunburn in English
  • Cancer:
    Abnormal growth of cells that can invade nearby tissues and spread.
    Disease Names |Cancer in English
  • Diabetes:
    Excessively elevated blood glucose is a chronic illness.
    Disease Names | Diabetes in English
  • Flu:
    Contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses.
    Disease Names | Flu in English
  • Alzheimer’s Disease:
    Memory loss and function are impacted by this Progressive Brain disease
    Disease Names | Alzheimer’s Disease in English
  • Heart Disease:
    Several illnesses impact the anatomy and operation of the heart.
    Disease Names |Heart Disease in English
  • Stroke:
    Sudden interruption of blood flow to the brain due to blockage or rupture of blood vessels.
    Disease Names |Stroke in English
  • Depression:
    Depression is typified by enduring melancholy and disinterest.
    Disease Names |Depression in English
  • Malaria:
    Infectious disease is caused by parasites transmitted through mosquito bites.
    Malaria in English
  • Chills:
    Sensation of cold often accompanied by shivering, can be a symptom of infection.
    Disease Names | Chills in English
  • Backache:
    Pain or discomfort in the back region, often due to strain or injury.
    Backache in English
  • Nausea:
    Stomach pain or queasy feeling that frequently comes on before vomiting.
    Nausea in English
  • Dizziness:
    The sensation of lightheadedness or spinning can be due to various causes including inner ear issues or low blood pressure.
    Disease Names | Dizziness in English
  • Snakebite:
    Injury caused by the bite of a venomous snake can lead to serious health complications.
    Disease Names | Snakebite in English
  • Cough:
    Reflex action to clear the throat or airways is often associated with respiratory infections.
    Disease Names |Cough in English
  • Stomachache:
    Pain or discomfort in the abdominal area, can be caused by various factors such as indigestion or infections.
    Disease Names |Stomachache in English
  • Fever:
    A fever that is elevated and frequently indicates an infection or disease.
    Disease Names |Fever in English
Disease Names in English

Disease Names in English

Most Common Disease Names:

  • Lyme disease
  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Syphilis
  • Genital warts
  • Herpes
  • Influenza
  • Polio
  • Yellow fever
  • Rabies
  • Ebola
  • Smallpox
  • Cholera
  • Typhoid fever
  • Diphtheria
  • Pneumonia
  • Tuberculosis
  • Bronchitis
  • Emphysema
  • Colitis

Disease Names Vocabulary with Images:

  • Lyme Disease:
    Bacterial infection is transmitted by ticks, causing fever, rash, and joint pain.
    Disease Names |Lyme Disease in English
  • Chlamydia:
    Sexually transmitted bacterial infection, often asymptomatic can cause genital discharge and pain.
    Disease Names |Chlamydia in English
  • Gonorrhea:
    Sexually transmitted bacterial infection causes genital discharge and pain.
    Disease Names |Gonorrhea in English
  • Syphilis: A sexually transmitted bacterial infection that progresses through stages, causing sores, rash, and systemic effects.
    Disease Names |Syphilis in English
  • Genital Warts:
    Viral infection is caused by certain strains of HPV, leading to wart-like growths on the genitals.
    Disease Names | Genital Warts in English
  • Influenza:
    Viral respiratory infection, commonly known as the flu, causes fever, cough, and body aches.
    Influenza in English
  • Polio:
    Viral infection affects the nervous system, leading to paralysis or muscle weakness.
    Disease Names |Polio in English
  • Yellow Fever:
    viral illness that causes fever and jaundice and is spread by mosquitoes.
    Disease Names |Yellow Fever in English
  • Rabies:
    Viral infection is transmitted through animal bites, affecting the central nervous system and leading to brain inflammation.
    Rabies in English
  • Ebola:
    Viral hemorrhagic fever causes severe illness with high mortality rates.
    Disease Names |Ebola in English
  • Smallpox:
    An eradicated viral disease characterized by skin lesions and high fever.
    Disease Names |Smallpox in English
  • Cholera:
    Bacterial infection causes severe diarrhea and dehydration.
    Disease Names |Cholera in English
  • Typhoid Fever:
    Intestinal inflammation, fever, and abdominal pain are signs of a bacterial infection.
    Disease Names |Typhoid Fever in English
  • Diphtheria:
    Bacterial infection causes respiratory symptoms and throat membrane formation.
    Disease Names |Diphtheria in English
  • Pneumonia:
    Inflammation of lung tissue, often due to bacterial or viral infection.
    Disease Names |Pneumonia in English
  • Tuberculosis (TB):
    Infectious bacterial disease primarily affects the lungs, causing cough and respiratory symptoms.
    Disease Names |Tuberculosis (TB) in English
  • Bronchitis:
    Inflammation of bronchial tubes leads to cough and chest discomfort.
    Disease Names | Bronchitis in English
  • Emphysema:
    Lung disease is characterized by damaged air sacs, leading to breathing difficulties.
    Disease Names |Emphysema in English
  • Colitis:
    Inflammation of the colon causes abdominal pain and changes in bowel habits.
    Disease Names |Colitis in English
Disease Names in English

Disease Names in English

List of Common Diseases names in English:

  • Crohn’s disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Diverticulitis
  • Appendicitis
  • Hernia
  • Cirrhosis
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Melanoma
  • Prostate cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Cervical cancer
  • Colon cancer
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

illness Names with images:

  • Crohn’s Disease:
    Chronic inflammation in the digestive tract causes pain, diarrhea, and fatigue.
    Disease Names |Crohn’s Disease in English
  • Ulcerative Colitis:
    Inflammation causes ulcers in the colon and rectum, leading to abdominal pain and bloody stools.
    Disease Names | Ulcerative Colitis in English
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS):
    Changes in bowel habits, bloating, and abdominal pain are symptoms of a digestive problem.Disease Names | Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) in English
  • Gastroenteritis:
    Inflammation of the stomach and intestines causes diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach cramps.
    Disease Names |Gastroenteritis in English
  • Diverticulitis:
    Inflammation or infection of small pouches in the colon leads to pain, fever, and bowel changes.
    Disease Names |Diverticulitis in English
  • Appendicitis:
    Inflammation of the appendix causes severe abdominal pain, often requiring surgery.
    Disease Names |Appendicitis in English
  • Hernia:
    Bulging of an organ through weakened muscles or tissues, causing a visible lump and discomfort.
    Disease Names | Hernia in English
  • Cirrhosis:
    Scarring of the liver due to long-term damage, affecting liver function and blood flow.
    Disease Names |Cirrhosis in English
  • Hepatitis B:
    Viral infection causes liver inflammation and potential long-term liver damage.
    Disease Names |Hepatitis B in English
  • Hepatitis C:
    Viral infection affects the liver and leading to chronic liver disease.
    Disease Names |Hepatitis C in English
  • Leukemia:
    Cancer of the blood or bone marrow, causing abnormal white blood cell production.
    Disease Names | Leukemia in English
  • Lymphoma:
    Cancer affecting the lymphatic system, leading to swollen lymph nodes and immune system issues.
    Disease Names |Lymphoma in English
  • Melanoma:
    Aggressive skin cancer originates in melanocytes, often due to UV exposure.
    Disease Names | Melanoma in English
  • Prostate Cancer:
    Cancer in the prostate gland is common in older men and may cause urinary problems.
    Disease Names | Prostate Cancer in English
  • Breast Cancer:
    Cancer in breast tissue, with symptoms like breast lumps and changes in skin texture.
    Disease Names | Breast Cancer in English
  • Ovarian Cancer:
    Cancer in the ovaries is often diagnosed at later stages due to subtle symptoms.
    Disease Names |Ovarian Cancer in English
  • Endometrial Cancer:
    Cancer in the lining of the uterus causes abnormal vaginal bleeding.
    Endometrial Cancer in English
  • Cervical Cancer:
    Cancer in the cervix, often linked to HPV infection and screened with Pap tests.
    Disease Names |Cervical Cancer in English
  • Colon Cancer:
    Cancer in the colon or rectum, causing changes in bowel habits and blood in stool.
    Colon Cancer in English
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis:
    Autoimmune disease causes joint inflammation, pain, and stiffness.
    Rheumatoid Arthritis in English

 List of Diseases names in Human:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Gout
  • Migraine
  • Epilepsy
  • Schizophrenia
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder 
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder 
  • Anemia
  • Hemophilia
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Thalassemia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Addison’s disease
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Muscular dystrophy

Diseases names with images in English:

  • Schizophrenia:
    Chronic mental disorder characterized by distorted thinking, hallucinations, and difficulty in distinguishing reality.
    Schizophrenia in English
  • Bipolar Disorder:
    Mood disorder involves extreme mood swings between mania (elevated mood) and depression.
    Bipolar Disorder in English
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):
    Neurodevelopmental disorder causing inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in English
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD):
    Mental health disorders are characterized by recurring obsessions and compulsions that interfere with daily life.
    Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) in English
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD):
    Mental health conditions triggered by experiencing or witnessing traumatic events, lead to flashbacks, anxiety, and avoidance behavior.
    Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in English
  • Anemia:
    A condition marked by low levels of red blood cells or hemoglobin, causing fatigue and weakness.
    Anemia in English
  • Hemophilia:
    Blood disorder where blood doesn’t clot normally, leading to prolonged bleeding even from minor injuries.
    Hemophilia in English
  • Sickle Cell Anemia:
    Inherited blood disorder causing red blood cells to become sickle-shaped and leading to pain, anemia, and organ damage.
    Sickle Cell Anemia in English
  • Thalassemia: Inherited blood disorder causing abnormal hemoglobin production and leading to anemia and fatigue.
    Thalassemia in English
  • Hypothyroidism:
    Condition where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, leading to fatigue, weight gain, and cold intolerance.
    Hypothyroidism in English
  • Hyperthyroidism:
    A condition where the thyroid gland produces too many hormones, leading to weight loss, rapid heartbeat, and heat intolerance.
    Hyperthyroidism in English
  • Addison’s Disease:
    Disorder where adrenal glands don’t produce enough hormones, leading to fatigue, weight loss, and low blood pressure.
    Addison’s Disease in English
  • Cushing’s Syndrome:
    Condition where the body is exposed to high levels of cortisol hormone, leading to weight gain, high blood pressure, and muscle weakness.
    Cushing’s Syndrome in English
  • Multiple Sclerosis:
    Autoimmune disease affecting the central nervous system, causing a range of symptoms including fatigue, numbness, and difficulty walking.
    Multiple Sclerosis in English
  • Muscular Dystrophy:
    A class of hereditary illnesses that result in progressive muscle loss and weakening.
    Muscular Dystrophy in English
Disease Names in English

Disease Names in English

List of Disease names:

  • ALS (Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis)
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Dementia
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Epidermolysis bullosa
  • Dermatitis
  • Psoriasis
  • Eczema
  • Acne
  • Rosacea
  • Shingles
  • Athlete’s foot
  • Ringworm
  • Jock itch
  • Impotence
  • Infertility
  • Menopause
  • Andropause

list of diseases in humans:

  • ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis):
    Neurons that govern voluntary muscles are affected by a progressive neurodegenerative illness.ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis) in English
  • Huntington’s Disease:
    Hereditary disorder causing progressive degeneration of brain cells, leading to motor, cognitive, and psychiatric symptoms.
    Disease Names | Huntington’s Disease in English
  • Alzheimer’s Disease:
    Neurological disorders cause memory loss, cognitive decline, and behavioral changes, often leading to dementia.
    Disease Names |Alzheimer’s Disease in English
  • Dementia:
    General term for a decline in cognitive function affecting memory, thinking, and behavior, often associated with aging.
    Disease Names |Dementia in English
  • Parkinson’s Disease:
    A neurological disorder affecting movement, causing tremors, stiffness, and difficulty with balance and coordination.
    Disease Names | Parkinson’s Disease in English
  • Dermatitis:
    Inflammation of the skin causes itching, redness, and sometimes blistering or scaling.
    Disease Names | Dermatitis in English
  • Psoriasis:
    Chronic skin condition characterized by red, itchy, and scaly patches on the skin.
    Disease Names | Psoriasis in English
  • Eczema:
    Inflammatory skin condition causing itchy, red, and dry skin patches.
    Disease Names |Eczema in English
  • Acne:
    Skin condition causing pimples, blackheads, and cysts, often occurring during adolescence.
    Disease Names |Acne in English
  • Shingles:
    Viral infection causes painful rashes and blisters, typically occurring in older adults who have chickenpox.
    Disease Names |Shingles in English
  • Athlete’s Foot:
    Fungal infection of the skin on the feet, causing itching, redness, and peeling.
    Disease Names |Athlete’s Foot in English
  • Ringworm: Fungal infection causing circular rashes with raised edges, not caused by worms but by fungi.
    Ringworm in English
  • Jock Itch:
    Fungal infection affects the groin area, causing itching, redness, and a rash.
    Jock Itch in English
  • Menopause:
    Natural process marking the end of menstruation and reproductive years in women, accompanied by hormonal changes.
     Menopause in English
Disease Names in English

Disease Names in English

About the author


The Author is a Certified TEFL Trainer from Arizona State University having experience of 7 years in teaching English worldwide to the students with diverse culture. He is a passionate English language trainer by both profession and passion.

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